USOS course link


Hummingbird (Venezuela, Henri Pittier National Park)

(photo R. Laskowski)

Supplementary materials

See also: Tropical ecology - field course


Books recommended for the course, available at the Natural Sciences Library (Gronostajowa 7):


1. John Kricher: "Tropical ecology";

2. John Kricher: "A neotropical companion";

3. Charles F. Gritzner: "The tropics" (available in Supplementary materials);

4. Adrian Forsyth i Ken Miyata: "Tropical nature: life and death in the rain forests of  Central and South America";

5. Alan P. Smith, F. C. Meinzer: "Tropical alpine environments";

6. Steven Hilty i Mimi Hoppe Wolf: "Birds of Tropical America: A Watcher's Introduction to Behavior, Breeding, and Diversity";

7. Steven L. Hilty: "Birds of Venezuela";

8. Louse Emmons i Francois Feer: "Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide".



Final exam (80%); participation in lectures and seminars (20%).